Conjunctions in English Grammar

By | February 2, 2021
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What is Conjunctions?

Conjunction is a word which is used for joining words, phrases, or sentences together.
Examples :
– Ashok is both intellegent and hard-working
– She is poor but honest

Kinds of Conjunctions :

  1. Coordinating Conjunctions

    Conjunction used for joining two independent sentence or two sentences of equal rank
    – He must weep or he will die
    – Sho worked hard but she could not pass

    Types of Coordinating Conjunctionsa.

    a. Cumulative Conjunctions

    Show addition of sentence, these are :
    and, also, as well as, too, now, no less than, well, etc.

    Examples :
    – Mohit as well as his friends goes to pardaily
    – Saroj and his brother are hard working
    – His father is no less to blame than he is to blame

    b. Adversative Conjunctions

    These are used for joining two opposite sentences.
    These are : but, yet, still, only, however, while, whereas, nevertheless, etc

    Examples :
    – Rohit is poor but honest
    – She  hates me yet i like her
    – I got the first position whereas my sister failed
    – Akshay is rich, nevertheless he is unhappy

    c. Alternative Conjunctions

    The conjunctions that are used for expressing a choice between two alternatives.
    These are : or, nor, either — or, neither — nor, else, whether — or.

    Examples :
    – Tell me the truth or get ready for penalty
    – He is neither a techer nor a poet
    – You will either borrow or sell you car
    – I must work hard else I will fail
    – I don’t know whether she will come or stay at home

    d. Illative Conjunctions

    The conjunctions which are use for expressing an inference . They suggest consequent or purpose.
    These are : for, therefore, since, consequently, so.

    Examples :
    – Ram has no time since he is busy
    – He is honest, therefore, he is respected

  2. Subordinating Conjunctions

    Used for joining two statements, one of which is dependent on the order.
    Subordinating Conjunctions are classified based on the meaning they convey, such as :

    Time : when, whenever, till, until, since, after, while, as, before, so long as, as soon as
    Reason : because, since as
    Purpose : lest, so that, in order to
    Result : that, so
    Condition : if, unless, whether
    Concession : Though, although
    Comparison : as, than, like
    Manner : as

    Examples :
    – Lata sang beautifully that everybody liked her song. –>result
    – She cannot pass unless she works hard.  –> condition
    – I am taller than my brother. –> comparison
    – As you sow so shall you reap. –> manner
    – I am happy that you like my idea. –> reason, cause
    – When he arrived at the station, the train had left. –> time
    – You can sit wherever you like. –> place

    Important uses of subordinating Conjunctions :
    These are used for joining subordinate clauses to the main clauses :

    a. – He is very weak . He cannot pass. –> separate
    – He is so weak that he cannot pass. –> combined
    – He is to weak for pass. –> combinedb. – She may live anywhere, she will remember me. –> separate
    – Wherever she lives, she will remember me. –> combined

    c. – The train was moving. He fell off the train. –> separate
    – While the train was moving, She fell off the train. –> combined

    d. – You may pass, I don’t know. –> separate
    – I don’t know whether you may pass or not. –> combined

  3. Correlative Conjunctions

    Those conjunctions which are in the form of pair of words.

    These are :
    (1) Either — or, (2) Neither — nor, (3) whether — or, (4) as soon as, (5) no sooner than,
    (6) although yet, (7) both–and, (8) such as, (9) so as, (10) as as, (11) as so, (12) scarcely when,
    (13) hardly when, (14) so that, (15) not only but also (16) rather than, (17) same as,
    (18) lest should, (19) as much as, (20) as well as

    Examples :
    (1). You either stay here or go to your home. –> if both the subjects are singular, the verb must be singular
    (2).  Neither you nor your brother can stand first in the class.
    –> if both the subjects are plural, the conjuction followed by plural verb
    –> if the subjects are of different numbers, the verb should be use according to the second subject.
    (3). I do not know whether she will pass or fail
    (4). As soon as I reached home, it started to rain.
    (5). No sooner did the boys stop playing than the rain started. –> no sooner is  followed by than
    (6).  Although he is rich yet he is dishonest. –> Don’t use but with although or though
    (7). Nilu is both intelligent and hard working.
    (8). He is not such a boy as he looks.
    (9).  She is not so bad as you think. –> So is generally followed by as
    (10).He is as wise as ranjan.
    (11).As you sow so shall you reap
    (12).He had scarcely solved the sum, when the teacher came. –> sacarcely is followed by when
    (13).I had hardly left the school when it began to rain. –> hardly is followed by when
    (14).The man is so weak that he can not eat properly.
    (15).He is not only tall but also handsome.
    (16).She would rather die than tell a lie.
    (17).This product is the same as the one we saw in the other shop.
    (18).Walk slowly lest you should fall. –> Lest is always followed by should
    (19). I love my mother as much as I love my father.
    (20).I can speak english as well as Telugu

 

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