What is preposition ?
Preposition is a connecting words place before noun or pronoun to show relationship of noun or pronoun with other words in sentence.
The word or the phrase that a preposition introduces is called the object of a preposition.
Example : He stood under the tree
under = preposition
tree = object of the preposition
Usually, the preposition is placed before the object, sometimes, it comes after the object.
– when the object is the relative pronoun “that”
Example : Here is the dress that you asked for.
– when the obkect is an interrogative pronoun
Example : what are you thinking about ?
– when the object is a relative pronoun that is understood
Example : here is the coin that you were looking for
– when the object is placed first for empashis
Example : This I ask for
A preposition may have two or more objects
Example : They travelled over mountains and hill
They are different types of prepositions :
- Simple Prepositions
Consist of only one word : at, by, for, in, of, off, form, on, out, through, till, to, up, with, over, since, etc
We have been waiting for two hours
She took the hat from Sid
- Compound Prepositions
Formed by prefixing the preposition to a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
Consist of : about, across, above, along, amidst, among, around, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond,
inside, outside, underneath, within, without, etc
The boys ran around the beach
The book is inside the cupboard
- Phrase Prepositions
A group of words that act as a single preposition.
Consist of : according to, in spite of, by means of, by way of, in case of, in accordance to, in regard to, with a view to, in lieu of,
because of, as for, away from, along with, out of, but for, in front of, due to, in search of, etc
There a car in front of the house
In case of tie, there will be another match
Phrase prepositions are also complex prepositions
- Participal Prepositions
Sometimes the present participle of verbs are used absolutely without any noun or pronoun being attached to them, this is as known as Participal Prepositions
Consist of : notwithstanding. Barring, concerning, regading, respecting, considering, pending, during, touching
Concerning this matter, I have nothing to say
Considering the nature of this robbery, the judge will give an appropriate sentence.
- Complex Prepositions
Prepositions that consist of more than one word
over and above, instead of, together with, because of, owing to, on behalf to, etc
Some more examples of types of prepositions ;
I met John at the market à simple preposition
There are no traitors among us à compound preposition
The people are in favour of are election à phrase preposition
Barring some glitches, the event went smoothly à participal preposition
Prepositions Indicate :
- Prepositions of Place
Where someone or something is
Nicky is standing against wall
- Prepositions of Time
When an event happens or happened
Ricky swims on Saturdays
- Prepositions of Direction
Direction in which someone or something comes or goes
Nicky is throwing a ball at them