TENSES IN ENGLISH

By | March 4, 2021
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Definition of Tenses :

A form of verb That indicates the time or state of an action and event

Classification on Tenses :

Tenses classified into four categories on the basis of state of action

  1.  Simple Tense

  2. Continuous Tense

  3. Perfect Tense

  4. Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Types of Tenses :

PRESENT TIME :

  1. Present Simple :

    Used to describe an action, habit or facts that are generally true and occur in the present time.

    Structure : S + Verb in present form

    I/You/We/They She/He/It
    Walk Walks
    Visit Visits
    Work Works
    Go Goes
    Study Studies

    Examples :

    – I study English
    – I walk to work every morning
    – Ana visits the town centre every weekend
    – She works as a teaching  assisytant in the school

  2. Present Perfect

    Used to describe an action that has taken place once or many times before now.

    Structure : S + have/has + verb past participle

    I/You/We/They She/He/It
    Have Has

    Examples :

    –  I have walked  to school everyday
    –  They Have travelled  to China twice
    –  Stacey have worked as a teaching assistant for 3 years now

  3. Present Continuous

    Used to describe an action that is ongoing now

    Structure : S + am/is/are + verb (ing)

    I She/He/It We/You/They
    am is are

    Examples :

    – It is snowing outside
    – I am studying English
    – She is eating her lunch

  4. Present Perfect Continous

    Used to describe an experience or an action that started in the past and is still continuing till the present moment.

    Structure : S + have/has been + verb (ing)

    I/You/We/They She/He/It
    Have Has

    Examples :

    – I have been studying English
    – They have been living in the same house since 1997
    – It has been snowing all morning

PAST TENSE :

  1. Past Simple

    Used to describe an action that has already happened

    Structure : S + verb in past form

    Examples :

    – I studied English
    – I walked to work
    – She arrived late to school
    – I ate my lunch in the cafe
    – I saw my friend in the shop

  2. Past Perfect

    Used to describe an action that was finished before another past action.

    Structure : S + had + verb past participle

    Examples :

    – I had finished my homework to give to my teacher, but she had already left
    – He had visited China
    – My Mum hadn’t  packed my lunch so I had to prepare it myself
    – I had studied English

  3. Past Continuous

    Used to describe a past action that was ongoing. This action may have been interrupted or another action also occured.

    Structure : S + was/were+ verb (ing)

    I/She/He/It We/They/You
    was were

    Examples :

    – I was studying English
    – I was working all day to finish my homework
    – We were walking home when my Mum called me
    – H was waiting for an hour when the bus finally arrived

  4. Past Perfect Continuous

    Used to describe an action that started in the past and continued till another action or time in the past.

    Structure : S + had been + verb (ing)

    Examples :

    – I had been studying English
    – It had been raining all day, so I couldn’t walk to work
    – We had been looking for my phone for 1 hour when Jasmine found it under the sofa

FUTURE TENSE :

  1. Future Simple

    Used to describe an action that hasn’t happened yet

    Structure 1 : S + am/is /are going to + verb

    – I am going to shop
    – She is going to buy some clothes

    Structure 2 : S + am/is/are + verb (ing)

    – We are having dinner at the restaurant tomorrow
    – I starting my English course next week

    Structure 3 : S + will/shall + verb- I will study English

    – We will go to  the market on wednesday
    – I shall ask my friend to help me with my homework tomorrow

  2. Future Perfect

    Used to describe an ction that will be completed befor a specified time

    Structure : S + will have + verb pas participle

    Exasmples :

    – i will have finished my homework by tomorrow evening
    – She will have worked as ateacher for 3 years by the end of this year
    – They will have arrived in China by now

  3. Future Continuous

    Used to describe an action that will occur and will continue for a set period of time in the futureS

    tructure : S + will be + verb (ing)

    Examples :

    – I will be studying English
    – I will be going to work tomorrow at 8 am
    – She will be moving house next month
    – I will be travelling to Turkey next year

  4. Future Perfect Continuous

    Used to describe an action that will continue up untill a point in the future

    Structure : S + will have been + verb (ing)

    Examples :

    – I will have been studying English
    – I will have been cleaning the house for 3 hours when she arrives home
    – She will have been completing her homework for 2 hours by 9 pm

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