Types of Nouns in English

By | September 19, 2020

What is A Noun ?

A noun is a word that functions as the name of something
( nouns are the most common class of word in English)

There are  eight types of nouns

1. Common Nouns

Common nouns are used to name people places or things in general. It refers to the class or type of person or thing (without being specific).

examples : girl, city, animal, mountain, house and fruit.

Girl, dog and mountain are common nouns because it is the general name of that type of person or thing.

Common nouns can be divided into smaller classes such as countable and uncountable
nouns as well as concrete and abstract nouns

2.Proper Nouns

Proper nouns are used to name a specific or (individual) person place or thing.

examples : John, London, Pluto, Franz
( Notice that an English, proper nouns begin with a capital letter)

3. Countable Nouns

Countable nouns are nouns that can be counted. countable nouns have a singular form and a plural form and can be used with a number or with a or an before it. They are Sometimes are called count nouns.

examples : car, desk, cup, house, bike.

4. Uncountable Nouns

Uncountable nouns are nouns that cannot be counted. They often refer to substances, liquids, and abstract ideas.
They are often sometimes called mass nouns

Examples : wood, air, milk, happiness.

5. Concrete Nouns

Refer to people or things that exist physically and that at least one of the senses can detect.  This means you can see touch hear smell or taste it.

Examples : dog, tree, apple, moon, sock,

Dog is concrete noun because you can touch
Apple is concrete noun because you can taste an apple

sock is a concrete noun because you can smell a sock or touch a sock

6. Abstract Nouns

Have no physical existence. They refer to ideas, emotions and concepts.  you cannot see, touch, hear, smell or taste

Examples : love, time, fear, freedom and luck.

7. Compound Nouns

Compound nouns are two or more words that create a noun. They can be written as one word, joined by a hyphen, or written as separate words.

Examples : rainfall, son-in-law, credit card.

8. Collective Nouns

Collective nouns are words that refer to a set or group of people animals or things. They are often followed by
OF + PLURAL NOUN (e.g. Bunch of flowers)

Examples : team, pile, flock, stack and Bunch.