Verbs and Types in English

By | October 11, 2020

Verbs :

Describes an action or state of being

Verbs consist of :

Action Verbs :

Describes the action the subject is doing

  • Transitive :
    An action verb that has a definite object that is being acted upon
    (Subject + Verb + Object)
    Example : Ali is drawing on the board
  • Intransitive :
    An action verb that has no spesific object that is being acted upon
    (Subject + Verb )
    Example : Ali is drawing

Stative Verbs :

Tell us about the state of mind of the subject or the relation between the subject and the object.
( like, love, hate, have, appear believe, fit, sound, remember, prefer, think, etc)
Examples :
She prefers to eat an apple
He likes to walk to school

Dynamic Verbs :

Describe an actual or process carried out by the subject, or sensation that is felt by the subject
(eat, run, sleep, walk, talk, go, become, read, learn, write, grow, etc)
Examples :
He is running in the park
She visits the supermarket every week

Linking Verbs :

Links the subject to anoun or adjective, helps provide additional information about the subject
(am, is, are, become, appear, will be, been, might be, seem, was, were)
Examples :
She became a nurse
Jenny and Amber are sisters

Regular and Irregular Verbs :

  • Regular Verbs :

    Verbs that form their past participle with d or ed. They don’t undergo substantial changes when changing
    forms between the tenses.

  • Irregular Verbs :

    Not follow a rule

 

Finite and Non Finite Verbs :

  • Finite Verbs :

    Show tense, person, and number
    (Eg. I go, She goes, we went, we want, etc)
    Examples :
    I worh at starbuck
    She laughed at his joke

  • Non Finite Verbs

    Not show the tense, person or number

         Consist of 3 types:

  1. Gerund : act like nouns and can serve as a subject or object in a sentence, end in – ing
    eg. Writing is my hobby
  2. Infinitive : consist of “to + verb”
    eg. I want to play football-
  3. Participle : a form of a verb used in a sentence to modify the noun, noun phrase, verb or verb phrase
    eg. The girl waiting outside is my friend

Helping Verbs (Auxiliary):

Helps the identify the tense of when th action occured. (Auxiliary verbs help the main verb)
(am, is, are, was/were, be/been, has/had/have, do/did. shall/will, should/would, might, being)
Examples :
Anna is moving to a new house
They were playing in the park

Modal Verbs :

Indicate the possibility of something happening, show obligation or give penmission.
(Will, shjall, would, should, might, must, can/can’t, could/could’t, may, need, ought to)
Examples :
I must finish my homework
She can speak five languages

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